Woodchips for Energy (electricity and heating) and Pulp & Paper are a major source of renewable energy. European Standards are needed for production, trade and use of these kind of solid biofuels.
The European Standards can be used with regard to production, trading, controlling and analysis of solid biofuels in general. It is also useful for buyers of solid biofuels, regulators, controllers and laboratories.
The main principle of correct sampling is to obtain a representative sample (samples) from the whole lot concerned. Every particle in the lot or sub-lot to be represented by the sample should have an equal probability of being included in the sample. In order to do so a sampling plan is used.
Nollen Trading uses various independent international accredited organisations for taking samples according to the latest European Standards ensuring a representative cargo load. Nollen Trading also uses independent international laboratories accredited according to the latest ISO and EN standard for a large number of analyses, such as:
- Ultimate analyses (Hydrogen, Carbon, Sulphur, Nitrogen and Oxygen)
- Proximate analyses (Moisture, Ash, Volatiles and Calorific Value)
- Ash Composition (SiO2, Al2O3, Fe2O3, TiO2, P2O5, CaO, MgO, Na2O, K2O, MnO2, SO3 a
- Particle sizes
- And / or other analysis required by its customers